Since PMD 6.30.0 support for type resolution has been added.
The Visualforce AST now can resolve the data type of Visualforce expressions that reference
Apex Controller properties and Custom Object fields. This feature improves the precision of existing rules,
This can be configured using two environment variables:
PMD_VF_APEXDIRECTORIES: Comma separated list of directories for Apex classes. Absolute or relative to the Visualforce directory. Default is
../classes. Specifying an empty string will disable data type resolution for Apex Controller properties.
PMD_VF_OBJECTSDIRECTORIES: Comma separated list of directories for Custom Objects. Absolute or relative to the Visualforce directory. Default is
../objects. Specifying an empty string will disable data type resolution for Custom Object fields.
This feature is experimental, in particular, expect changes to the way the configuration is specified. We’ll probably extend the CLI instead of relying on environment variables in a future version.
PMD_VF_APEXDIRECTORIES=../classes \ PMD_VF_OBJECTSDIRECTORIES=../objects \ run.sh pmd -d $GITHUB_WORKSPACE/force-app/main/default/pages \ -R category/vf/security.xml/VfUnescapeEl -f text
If you run with debug logging turned on, you might see log messages like this:
Okt. 14, 2021 11:30:44 AM net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.vf.VfExpressionTypeVisitor visit FINE: Unable to determine type for: Account.NotFoundField__c
This means, that type resolution didn’t work. Maybe the provided directories are missing or do not contain the needed data.