Edit me

We’re excited to bring you the next major version of PMD! Here is a summary of what is planned for PMD 7.

To give us feedback or to suggest a new feature, drop us a line on Gitter!

Summary

We decided it’s time to have a modernized logo and get rid of the gun. This allows to include the logo in anywhere without offense.

The current tasks are listed here: Integrate new PMD logo #1931

The new logo is available from the Logo Project Page.

API

The API of PMD has been growing over the years and needs to be cleaned up. The goal is, to have a clear separation between a well-defined API and the implementation, which is internal. This should help us in future development. This however entails some incompatibilities and deprecations, see also the sections New API support guidelines and [Planned API removals](#planned-api-removals] below.

Full Antlr Support

PMD 6 only supports JavaCC based grammars, but with Antlr parsers can be generated as well. PMD 7 adds full support for grammars written in Antlr, which allows to leverage existing grammars.

The current tasks are listed here: Support for ANTLR based grammars with Swift as an example language #2499

Documentation

We have quite some ideas how we want to improve the documentation. The goal is, that the documentation is up to date and nearly complete. One big task is, how the built-in rules are presented, so that users can easier see, what exactly is available and decide, which rules are useful for the project at hand.

The current tasks are listed here: Documentations improvements tracker #1139

XPath

PMD 6 supports XPath 1.0 via the Jaxen library. This library is old and unmaintained creating some problems (one of which is duplicated classes in the package org.w3c.dom which is a Java API actually). Therefore XPath 1.0 support will be dropped and we upgrade our XPath 2.0 implementation with Saxon moving on to Saxon HE. This will eventually add support in PMD for XPath 3.1.

The current tasks are listed here: XPath Improvements for PMD 7 #2523

Java

Like the main PMD API, the Java AST has been growing over time and the grammar doesn’t support all edge cases (e.g. annotation are not supported everywhere). The goal is to simplify the AST by reducing unnecessary nodes and abstractions and fix the parsing issues. This helps in the end to provide a better type resolution implementation, but changing the AST is a breaking API change.

Some first results of the Java AST changes are for now documented in the Wiki: Java clean changes.

  • ASTType and ASTReferenceType have been turned into interfaces, implemented by ASTPrimitiveType, ASTClassOrInterfaceType, and the new node ASTArrayType. This reduces the depth of the relevant subtrees, and allows to explore them more easily and consistently.

  • ASTClassOrInterfaceType appears to be left recursive now. TODO document that when we’re done discussing the semantic rewrite phase.

  • Migrating:

    • There is currently no way to match abstract types (or interfaces) with XPath, so Type and ReferenceType name tests won’t match anything anymore.
    • Type/ReferenceType/ClassOrInterfaceType -> ClassOrInterfaceType
    • Type/PrimitiveType -> PrimitiveType.
    • Type/ReferenceType[@ArrayDepth>1]/ClassOrInterfaceType -> ArrayType/ClassOrInterfaceType.
    • Type/ReferenceType/PrimitiveType -> ArrayType/PrimitiveType.
    • Note that in most cases you should check the type of a variable with e.g. VariableDeclaratorId[pmd-java:typeIs("java.lang.String[]")] because it considers the additional dimensions on declarations like String foo[];. The Java equivalent is TypeHelper.isA(id, String[].class);

Expression grammar changes

  • ASTExpression and ASTPrimaryExpression have been turned into interfaces. These added no information to the AST and increased its depth unnecessarily. All expressions implement the first interface. Both of those nodes can no more be found in ASTs.

  • Migrating:
    • Basically, Expression/X or Expression/PrimaryExpression/X, just becomes X
    • There is currently no way to match abstract or interface types with XPath, so Expression or PrimaryExpression name tests won’t match anything anymore. However, the axis step *[@Expression=true()] matches any expression.
  • ASTLiteral has been turned into an interface. The fact that ASTNullLiteral and ASTBooleanLiteral were nested within it but other literals types were all directly represented by it was inconsistent, and ultimately that level of nesting was unnecessary.
  • Migrating:
    • Remove all /Literal/ segments from your XPath expressions
    • If you tested several types of literals, you can e.g. do it like /*[self::StringLiteral or self::CharLiteral]/
    • As is usual, use the designer to explore the new AST structure
  • The nodes ASTPrimaryPrefix and ASTPrimarySuffix are removed from the grammar. Subtrees for primary expressions appear to be left-recursive now. For example,
new Foo().bar.foo(1)

used to be parsed as

Expression
+ PrimaryExpression
  + PrimaryPrefix
    + AllocationExpression
      + ClassOrInterfaceType[@Image="Foo"]
  + PrimarySuffix
    + Arguments
  + PrimarySuffix
    + Name[@Image="bar.foo"]
  + PrimarySuffix
    + Arguments
      + ArgumentsList
        + Expression
          + PrimaryExpression
            + Literal[@ValueAsInt=1]

It’s now parsed as

MethodCall[@MethodName="foo"]
+ FieldAccess[@FieldName="bar"]
  + ConstructorCall
    + ClassOrInterfaceType[@TypeImage="Foo"]
    + ArgumentsList
+ ArgumentsList
  + NumericLiteral[@ValueAsInt=1]

Instead of being flat, the subexpressions are now nested within one another. The nesting follows the naturally recursive structure of expressions:

new Foo().bar.foo(1)
---------            ConstructorCall
-------------        FieldAccess
-------------------- MethodCall

This makes the AST more regular and easier to navigate. Each node contains the other nodes that are relevant to it (e.g. arguments) instead of them being spread out over several siblings. The API of all nodes has been enriched with high-level accessors to query the AST in a semantic way, without bothering with the placement details.

The amount of changes in the grammar that this change entails is enormous, but hopefully firing up the designer to inspect the new structure should give you the information you need quickly.

TODO write a summary of changes in the javadoc of the package, will be more accessible.

Note: this doesn’t affect binary expressions like ASTAdditiveExpression. E.g. a+b+c is not parsed as

AdditiveExpression
+ AdditiveExpression
  + (a)
  + (b)
+ (c)  

It’s still

AdditiveExpression
+ (a)
+ (b)
+ (c)  

which is easier to navigate, especially from XPath.

Miscellaneous

There are also some small improvements, refactoring and internal tasks that are planned for PMD 7.

The current tasks are listed here: PMD 7 Miscellaneous Tasks #2524

New API support guidelines

What’s new

Until now, all released public members and types were implicitly considered part of PMD’s public API, including inheritance-specific members (protected members, abstract methods). We have maintained those APIs with the goal to preserve full binary compatibility between minor releases, only breaking those APIs infrequently, for major releases.

In order to allow PMD to move forward at a faster pace, this implicit contract will be invalidated with PMD 7.0.0. We now introduce more fine-grained distinctions between the type of compatibility support we guarantee for our libraries, and ways to make them explicit to clients of PMD.

.internal packages and @InternalApi annotation

Internal API is meant for use only by the main PMD codebase. Internal types and methods may be modified in any way, or even removed, at any time.

Any API in a package that contains an .internal segment is considered internal. The @InternalApi annotation will be used for APIs that have to live outside of these packages, e.g. methods of a public type that shouldn’t be used outside of PMD (again, these can be removed anytime).

@ReservedSubclassing

Types marked with the @ReservedSubclassing annotation are only meant to be subclassed by classes within PMD. As such, we may add new abstract methods, or remove protected methods, at any time. All published public members remain supported. The annotation is not inherited, which means a reserved interface doesn’t prevent its implementors to be subclassed.

@Experimental

APIs marked with the @Experimental annotation at the class or method level are subject to change. They can be modified in any way, or even removed, at any time. You should not use or rely on them in any production code. They are purely to allow broad testing and feedback.

@Deprecated

APIs marked with the @Deprecated annotation at the class or method level will remain supported until the next major release but it is recommended to stop using them.

The transition

All currently supported APIs will remain so until 7.0.0. All APIs that are to be moved to .internal packages or hidden will be tagged @InternalApi before that major release, and the breaking API changes will be performed in 7.0.0.

Planned API removals

List of currently deprecated APIs

6.38.0

No changes.

6.37.0

PMD CLI
  • PMD has a new CLI option -force-language. With that a language can be forced to be used for all input files, irrespective of filenames. When using this option, the automatic language selection by extension is disabled and all files are tried to be parsed with the given language. Parsing errors are ignored and unparsable files are skipped.

    This option allows to use the xml language for files, that don’t use xml as extension. See also the examples on PMD CLI reference.

Experimental APIs
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

6.36.0

No changes.

6.35.0

Deprecated API

6.34.0

No changes.

6.33.0

No changes.

6.32.0

Experimental APIs
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

  • The protected or public member of the Java rule AvoidUsingHardCodedIPRule are deprecated and considered to be internal API. They will be removed with PMD 7.

6.31.0

Deprecated API
Experimental APIs
  • The method GenericToken#getKind has been added as experimental. This unifies the token interface for both JavaCC and Antlr. The already existing method AntlrToken#getKind is therefore experimental as well. The returned constant depends on the actual language and might change whenever the grammar of the language is changed.

6.30.0

Deprecated API
Around RuleSet parsing
Around the PMD class

Many classes around PMD’s entry point (PMD) have been deprecated as internal, including:

Miscellaneous
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

6.29.0

No changes.

6.28.0

Deprecated API
For removal

6.27.0

  • XML rule definition in rulesets: In PMD 7, the language attribute will be required on all rule elements that declare a new rule. Some base rule classes set the language implicitly in their constructor, and so this is not required in all cases for the rule to work. But this behavior will be discontinued in PMD 7, so missing language attributes are now reported as a forward compatibility warning.
Deprecated API
For removal

6.26.0

Deprecated API
For removal

6.25.0

  • The maven module net.sourceforge.pmd:pmd-scala is deprecated. Use net.sourceforge.pmd:pmd-scala_2.13 or net.sourceforge.pmd:pmd-scala_2.12 instead.

  • Rule implementation classes are internal API and should not be used by clients directly. The rules should only be referenced via their entry in the corresponding category ruleset (e.g. <rule ref="category/java/bestpractices.xml/AbstractClassWithoutAbstractMethod" />).

    While we definitely won’t move or rename the rule classes in PMD 6.x, we might consider changes in PMD 7.0.0 and onwards.

Deprecated APIs
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

For removal

6.24.0

Deprecated APIs
Experimental APIs

Note: Experimental APIs are identified with the annotation Experimental, see its javadoc for details

6.23.0

Deprecated APIs
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

In ASTs

As part of the changes we’d like to do to AST classes for 7.0.0, we would like to hide some methods and constructors that rule writers should not have access to. The following usages are now deprecated in the Apex, Javascript, PL/SQL, Scala and Visualforce ASTs:

  • Manual instantiation of nodes. Constructors of node classes are deprecated and marked InternalApi. Nodes should only be obtained from the parser, which for rules, means that they never need to instantiate node themselves. Those constructors will be made package private with 7.0.0.
  • Subclassing of abstract node classes, or usage of their type. The base classes are internal API and will be hidden in version 7.0.0. You should not couple your code to them.
    • In the meantime you should use interfaces like VfNode or Node, or the other published interfaces in this package, to refer to nodes generically.
    • Concrete node classes will be made final with 7.0.0.
  • Setters found in any node class or interface. Rules should consider the AST immutable. We will make those setters package private with 7.0.0.
  • The implementation classes of Parser (eg VfParser) are deprecated and should not be used directly. Use LanguageVersionHandler#getParser instead.
  • The implementation classes of TokenManager (eg VfTokenManager) are deprecated and should not be used outside of our implementation. This also affects CPD-only modules.

These deprecations are added to the following language modules in this release. Please look at the package documentation to find out the full list of deprecations.

These deprecations have already been rolled out in a previous version for the following languages:

Outside of these packages, these changes also concern the following TokenManager implementations, and their corresponding Parser if it exists (in the same package):

In the Java AST the following attributes are deprecated and will issue a warning when used in XPath rules:

For removal

6.22.0

Deprecated APIs
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

For removal
In ASTs (JSP)

As part of the changes we’d like to do to AST classes for 7.0.0, we would like to hide some methods and constructors that rule writers should not have access to. The following usages are now deprecated in the JSP AST (with other languages to come):

  • Manual instantiation of nodes. Constructors of node classes are deprecated and marked InternalApi. Nodes should only be obtained from the parser, which for rules, means that they never need to instantiate node themselves. Those constructors will be made package private with 7.0.0.
  • Subclassing of abstract node classes, or usage of their type. The base classes are internal API and will be hidden in version 7.0.0. You should not couple your code to them.
    • In the meantime you should use interfaces like JspNode or Node, or the other published interfaces in this package, to refer to nodes generically.
    • Concrete node classes will be made final with 7.0.0.
  • Setters found in any node class or interface. Rules should consider the AST immutable. We will make those setters package private with 7.0.0.
  • The class JspParser is deprecated and should not be used directly. Use LanguageVersionHandler#getParser instead.

Please look at net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.jsp.ast to find out the full list of deprecations.

In ASTs (Velocity)

As part of the changes we’d like to do to AST classes for 7.0.0, we would like to hide some methods and constructors that rule writers should not have access to. The following usages are now deprecated in the VM AST (with other languages to come):

  • Manual instantiation of nodes. Constructors of node classes are deprecated and marked InternalApi. Nodes should only be obtained from the parser, which for rules, means that they never need to instantiate node themselves. Those constructors will be made package private with 7.0.0.
  • Subclassing of abstract node classes, or usage of their type. The base classes are internal API and will be hidden in version 7.0.0. You should not couple your code to them.
    • In the meantime you should use interfaces like VmNode or Node, or the other published interfaces in this package, to refer to nodes generically.
    • Concrete node classes will be made final with 7.0.0.
  • Setters found in any node class or interface. Rules should consider the AST immutable. We will make those setters package private with 7.0.0.
  • The package net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.vm.directive as well as the classes DirectiveMapper and LogUtil are deprecated for removal. They were only used internally during parsing.
  • The class VmParser is deprecated and should not be used directly. Use LanguageVersionHandler#getParser instead.

Please look at net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.vm.ast to find out the full list of deprecations.

PLSQL AST

The production and node ASTCursorBody was unnecessary, not used and has been removed. Cursors have been already parsed as ASTCursorSpecification.

6.21.0

Deprecated APIs
Internal API

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

For removal

6.20.0

No changes.

6.19.0

Deprecated APIs
For removal
Internal APIs

6.18.0

Changes to Renderer
  • Each renderer has now a new method Renderer#setUseShortNames which is used for implementing the “shortnames” CLI option. The method is automatically called by PMD, if this CLI option is in use. When rendering filenames to the report, the new helper method AbstractRenderer#determineFileName should be used. This will change the filename to a short name, if the CLI option “shortnames” is used.

    Not adjusting custom renderers will make them render always the full file names and not honoring the CLI option “shortnames”.

Deprecated APIs
For removal
Internal APIs

Those APIs are not intended to be used by clients, and will be hidden or removed with PMD 7.0.0. You can identify them with the @InternalApi annotation. You’ll also get a deprecation warning.

6.17.0

No changes.

6.16.0

Deprecated APIs

Reminder: Please don’t use members marked with the annotation InternalApi, as they will likely be removed, hidden, or otherwise intentionally broken with 7.0.0.

In ASTs

As part of the changes we’d like to do to AST classes for 7.0.0, we would like to hide some methods and constructors that rule writers should not have access to. The following usages are now deprecated in the Java AST (with other languages to come):

  • Manual instantiation of nodes. Constructors of node classes are deprecated and marked InternalApi. Nodes should only be obtained from the parser, which for rules, means that never need to instantiate node themselves. Those constructors will be made package private with 7.0.0.
  • Subclassing of abstract node classes, or usage of their type. Version 7.0.0 will bring a new set of abstractions that will be public API, but the base classes are and will stay internal. You should not couple your code to them.
    • In the meantime you should use interfaces like JavaNode or Node, or the other published interfaces in this package, to refer to nodes generically.
    • Concrete node classes will be made final with 7.0.0.
  • Setters found in any node class or interface. Rules should consider the AST immutable. We will make those setters package private with 7.0.0.

Please look at net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.java.ast to find out the full list of deprecations.

6.15.0

Deprecated APIs
For removal

6.14.0

No changes.

6.13.0

Command Line Interface

The start scripts run.sh, pmd.bat and cpd.bat support the new environment variable PMD_JAVA_OPTS. This can be used to set arbitrary JVM options for running PMD, such as memory settings (e.g. PMD_JAVA_OPTS=-Xmx512m) or enable preview language features (e.g. PMD_JAVA_OPTS=--enable-preview).

The previously available variables such as OPTS or HEAPSIZE are deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0.

Deprecated API
  • CodeClimateRule is deprecated in 7.0.0 because it was unused for 2 years and created an unwanted dependency. Properties “cc_categories”, “cc_remediation_points_multiplier”, “cc_block_highlighting” will also be removed. See #1702 for more.

  • The Apex ruleset rulesets/apex/ruleset.xml has been deprecated and will be removed in 7.0.0. Please use the new quickstart ruleset rulesets/apex/quickstart.xml instead.

6.12.0

No changes.

6.11.0

6.10.0

Properties framework

The properties framework is about to get a lifting, and for that reason, we need to deprecate a lot of APIs to remove them in 7.0.0. The proposed changes to the API are described on the wiki

Changes to how you define properties

Here’s an example:

// Before 7.0.0, these are equivalent:
IntegerProperty myProperty = new IntegerProperty("score", "Top score value", 1, 100, 40, 3.0f);
IntegerProperty myProperty = IntegerProperty.named("score").desc("Top score value").range(1, 100).defaultValue(40).uiOrder(3.0f);

// They both map to the following in 7.0.0
PropertyDescriptor<Integer> myProperty = PropertyFactory.intProperty("score").desc("Top score value").require(inRange(1, 100)).defaultValue(40);

You’re highly encouraged to migrate to using this new API as soon as possible, to ease your migration to 7.0.0.

Architectural simplifications
Changes to the PropertyDescriptor interface
  • preferredRowCount is deprecated with no intended replacement. It was never implemented, and does not belong in this interface. The methods uiOrder and compareTo(PropertyDescriptor) are deprecated for the same reason. These methods mix presentation logic with business logic and are not necessary for PropertyDescriptors to work. PropertyDescriptor will not extend Comparable<PropertyDescriptor> anymore come 7.0.0.
  • The method propertyErrorFor is deprecated and will be removed with no intended replacement. It’s really just a shortcut for prop.errorFor(rule.getProperty(prop)).
  • T valueFrom(String) and String asDelimitedString(T) are deprecated and will be removed. These were used to serialize and deserialize properties to/from a string, but 7.0.0 will introduce a more flexible XML syntax which will make them obsolete.
  • isMultiValue and type are deprecated and won’t be replaced. The new XML syntax will remove the need for a divide between multi- and single-value properties, and will allow arbitrary types to be represented. Since arbitrary types may be represented, type will become obsolete as it can’t represent generic types, which will nevertheless be representable with the XML syntax. It was only used for documentation, but a new way to document these properties exhaustively will be added with 7.0.0.
  • errorFor is deprecated as its return type will be changed to Optional<String> with the shift to Java 8.
Deprecated APIs
For internalization
For removal

6.9.0

No changes.

6.8.0

  • A couple of methods and fields in net.sourceforge.pmd.properties.AbstractPropertySource have been deprecated, as they are replaced by already existing functionality or expose internal implementation details: propertyDescriptors, propertyValuesByDescriptor, copyPropertyDescriptors(), copyPropertyValues(), ignoredProperties(), usesDefaultValues(), useDefaultValueFor().

  • Some methods in net.sourceforge.pmd.properties.PropertySource have been deprecated as well: usesDefaultValues(), useDefaultValueFor(), ignoredProperties().

  • The class net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.rule.AbstractDelegateRule has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. It is internally only in use by RuleReference.

  • The default constructor of net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.rule.RuleReference has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. RuleReferences should only be created by providing a Rule and a RuleSetReference. Furthermore the following methods are deprecated: setRuleReference(), hasOverriddenProperty(), usesDefaultValues(), useDefaultValueFor().

6.7.0

  • All classes in the package net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.dfa.report have been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. This includes the class net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.dfa.report.ReportTree. The reason is, that this class is very specific to Java and not suitable for other languages. It has only been used for YAHTMLRenderer, which has been rewritten to work without these classes.

  • The nodes RUNSIGNEDSHIFT and RSIGNEDSHIFT are deprecated and will be removed from the AST with PMD 7.0.0. These represented the operator of ShiftExpression in two cases out of three, but they’re not needed and make ShiftExpression inconsistent. The operator of a ShiftExpression is now accessible through ShiftExpression#getOperator.

6.5.0

  • The utility class net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.java.ast.CommentUtil has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. Its methods have been intended to parse javadoc tags. A more useful solution will be added around the AST node FormalComment, which contains as children JavadocElement nodes, which in turn provide access to the JavadocTag.

    All comment AST nodes (FormalComment, MultiLineComment, SingleLineComment) have a new method getFilteredComment() which provide access to the comment text without the leading /* markers.

  • The method AbstractCommentRule.tagsIndicesIn() has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. It is not very useful, since it doesn’t extract the information in a useful way. You would still need check, which tags have been found, and with which data they might be accompanied.

6.4.0

  • The following classes in package net.sourceforge.pmd.benchmark have been deprecated: Benchmark, Benchmarker, BenchmarkReport, BenchmarkResult, RuleDuration, StringBuilderCR and TextReport. Their API is not supported anymore and is disconnected from the internals of PMD. Use the newer API based around TimeTracker instead, which can be found in the same package.
  • The class net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.java.xpath.TypeOfFunction has been deprecated. Use the newer TypeIsFunction in the same package.
  • The typeof methods in net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.java.xpath.JavaFunctions have been deprecated. Use the newer typeIs method in the same class instead..
  • The methods isA, isEither and isNeither of net.sourceforge.pmd.lang.java.typeresolution.TypeHelper. Use the new isExactlyAny and isExactlyNone methods in the same class instead.

6.2.0

  • The static method PMDParameters.transformParametersIntoConfiguration(PMDParameters) is now deprecated, for removal in 7.0.0. The new instance method PMDParameters.toConfiguration() replaces it.

  • The method ASTConstructorDeclaration.getParameters() has been deprecated in favor of the new method getFormalParameters(). This method is available for both ASTConstructorDeclaration and ASTMethodDeclaration.

6.1.0

  • The method getXPathNodeName is added to the Node interface, which removes the use of the toString of a node to get its XPath element name (see #569).
    • The default implementation provided in AbstractNode, will be removed with 7.0.0
    • With 7.0.0, the Node.toString method will not necessarily provide its XPath node name anymore.
  • The interface net.sourceforge.pmd.cpd.Renderer has been deprecated. A new interface net.sourceforge.pmd.cpd.renderer.CPDRenderer has been introduced to replace it. The main difference is that the new interface is meant to render directly to a java.io.Writer rather than to a String. This allows to greatly reduce the memory footprint of CPD, as on large projects, with many duplications, it was causing OutOfMemoryErrors (see #795).

    net.sourceforge.pmd.cpd.FileReporter has also been deprecated as part of this change, as it’s no longer needed.

6.0.1

  • The constant net.sourceforge.pmd.PMD.VERSION has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. Please use net.sourceforge.pmd.PMDVersion.VERSION instead.

List of currently deprecated rules

  • The Java rules VariableNamingConventions (java-codestyle), MIsLeadingVariableName (java-codestyle), SuspiciousConstantFieldName (java-codestyle), and AvoidPrefixingMethodParameters (java-codestyle) are now deprecated, and will be removed with version 7.0.0. They are replaced by the more general FieldNamingConventions, FormalParameterNamingConventions, and LocalVariableNamingConventions.

  • The Java rule AbstractNaming (java-codestyle) is deprecated in favour of ClassNamingConventions.

  • The Java rules WhileLoopsMustUseBraces (java-codestyle), ForLoopsMustUseBraces (java-codestyle), IfStmtsMustUseBraces (java-codestyle), and IfElseStmtsMustUseBraces (java-codestyle) are deprecated. They will be replaced by the new rule ControlStatementBraces.

  • The Java rules NcssConstructorCount (java-design), NcssMethodCount (java-design), and NcssTypeCount (java-design) have been deprecated. They will be replaced by the new rule NcssCount in the category design.

  • The Java rule LooseCoupling in ruleset java-typeresolution is deprecated. Use the rule with the same name from category bestpractices instead.

  • The Java rule CloneMethodMustImplementCloneable in ruleset java-typeresolution is deprecated. Use the rule with the same name from category errorprone instead.

  • The Java rule UnusedImports in ruleset java-typeresolution is deprecated. Use the rule with the same name from category bestpractices instead.

  • The Java rule SignatureDeclareThrowsException in ruleset java-typeresolution is deprecated. Use the rule with the same name from category design instead.

  • The Java rule EmptyStaticInitializer in ruleset java-empty is deprecated. Use the rule EmptyInitializer, which covers both static and non-static empty initializers.`

  • The Java rules GuardDebugLogging (ruleset java-logging-jakarta-commons) and GuardLogStatementJavaUtil (ruleset java-logging-java) have been deprecated. Use the rule GuardLogStatement, which covers all cases regardless of the logging framework.

  • The Java rule “java/multithreading/UnsynchronizedStaticDateFormatter” has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. The rule is replaced by the more general UnsynchronizedStaticFormatter.

  • The two Java rules PositionLiteralsFirstInComparisons and PositionLiteralsFirstInCaseInsensitiveComparisons (ruleset java-bestpractices) have been deprecated in favor of the new rule LiteralsFirstInComparisons.

  • The Java rule AvoidFinalLocalVariable (java-codestyle) has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. The rule is controversial and also contradicts other existing rules such as LocalVariableCouldBeFinal. If the goal is to avoid defining constants in a scope smaller than the class, then the rule AvoidDuplicateLiterals should be used instead.

  • The Apex rule VariableNamingConventions (apex-codestyle) has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. The rule is replaced by the more general rules FieldNamingConventions, FormalParameterNamingConventions, LocalVariableNamingConventions, and PropertyNamingConventions.

  • The Java rule LoggerIsNotStaticFinal (java-errorprone) has been deprecated and will be removed with PMD 7.0.0. The rule is replaced by ProperLogger.

  • The Java rule DataflowAnomalyAnalysis (java-errorprone) is deprecated in favour of UnusedAssignment (java-bestpractices), which was introduced in PMD 6.26.0.

  • The java rule DefaultPackage (java-codestyle) has been deprecated in favor of CommentDefaultAccessModifier.

  • The Java rule CloneThrowsCloneNotSupportedException (java-errorprone) has been deprecated without replacement.

  • The following Java rules are deprecated and removed from the quickstart ruleset, as the new rule SimplifiableTestAssertion merges their functionality:
    • UseAssertEqualsInsteadOfAssertTrue (java-bestpractices)
    • UseAssertNullInsteadOfAssertTrue (java-bestpractices)
    • UseAssertSameInsteadOfAssertTrue (java-bestpractices)
    • UseAssertTrueInsteadOfAssertEquals (java-bestpractices)
    • SimplifyBooleanAssertion (java-design)
  • The Java rule ReturnEmptyArrayRatherThanNull (java-errorprone) is deprecated and removed from the quickstart ruleset, as the new rule ReturnEmptyCollectionRatherThanNull supersedes it.

  • The following Java rules are deprecated and removed from the quickstart ruleset, as the new rule PrimitiveWrapperInstantiation merges their functionality:
    • java/performance/BooleanInstantiation
    • java/performance/ByteInstantiation
    • java/performance/IntegerInstantiation
    • java/performance/LongInstantiation
    • java/performance/ShortInstantiation
  • The Java rule java/performance/UnnecessaryWrapperObjectCreation is deprecated with no planned replacement before PMD 7. In it’s current state, the rule is not useful as it finds only contrived cases of creating a primitive wrapper and unboxing it explicitly in the same expression. In PMD 7 this and more cases will be covered by a new rule UnnecessaryBoxing.